Now here is something to smile about: Starting around 6 months old your precious baby may begin to sport a toothy grin! The first teeth to appear are almost always the lower front teeth, followed by the top two. (Do not be too concerned if you have got an older toothless cutie on your hands! It can take up to 12 or 14 months for you baby’s first teeth to poke through.)

But here is the thing: You do not have to wait for your babys teeth to come in to start prioritising oral hygiene. In fact, you should wipe your baby’s gums from the get-go. The earlier you start, the better off you will both be. Here is everything you need to know about when and how to brush your babys teeth, plus which toothbrush and toothpaste is best for your baby. 

How to Care for an Infant’s Mouth

It is important to begin your baby’s oral care routine even before any teeth appear. Use a clean, dampened gauze pad or cloth to gently to gently wipe your babys gums after each feed…or at least twice a day, after their morning meal and before night-night. Be sure to get under your baby's lips, since bacteria loves to hide there! Give your baby's tongue a gentle swipe, too, being careful not to go back too far, triggering the gag reflex. As your baby becomes more engaged, consider using a silicone baby toothbrush. This is a great way to let your baby 'practice' brushing their own teeth…and get comfortable with this routine. 

When to Start Brushing Baby’s Teeth

Even though baby teeth can start to fall out as early as 6 years old, it is still very important to take good care of your baby's temporary smile. After all, tiny teeth can decay and cause pain just as easily as big-kid teeth. That is why the National Health Service recommends brushing your babys teeth as soon as their first pearly whites come in. 

At this point, brush your baby’s teeth using fluoride toothpaste and a toothbrush specifically designed for your little one’s delicate mouth. Because you will be using such a small amount of toothpaste (think: grain-of-rice size), it is okay if your baby accidentally swallows some. Do not worry about using flossers just yet—but once two baby teeth touch, you should start flossing those teeth daily (this usually occurs around age 2 or 3).

The Best Toothbrush for Babies

Select a soft-bristled, infant-size toothbrush in a bright cheerful colour (or one with characters on it) to make oral care more enticing. Toothbrushes designed for babies have a smaller head for small mouths and a wider handle to make gripping easier for little hands. These toothbrushes are usually labeled with the proper age range, so you know you are getting the appropriate toothbrush. By the way, the finger silicone brushes do not do a great job cleaning new teeth. It is best to trade those in for baby toothbrushes with nylon bristles.

The Best Toothpaste for Babies

Research shows that it is safe—and smart—to use fluoride toothpaste with the arrival of Baby’s first tooth. Fluoride is a naturally occurring mineral that helps make teeth more resistant to decay. While it is often present in tap water, the fluoride in toothpaste is imperative to give teeth that extra boost of protection. And know that there are plenty of baby toothpastes, but not all contain fluoride, which is the recommended choice. The seal lets you know that the toothpaste is safe, effective, and contains zero flavouring agents, like sugar, that contribute to tooth decay.

How to Brush a Baby’s Teeth

Again, once your baby's first tooth peeks out, it is time to break out the baby-size toothbrush. The first time you use a toothbrush with your baby, give them a chance to play with it. Let them put it in their mouth to get used to their new 'toy.' 

When you are ready to brush, apply a grain-of-rice sized squeeze of fluoride toothpaste onto your child’s soft-bristled toothbrush. (Once children turn 3, move up to a pea-size amount.) Every morning and evening, gently brush the front, back, and sides of each of your baby’s teeth, making gentle little circles around their teeth and the gums. Since you are only using a teeny bit of toothpaste, Baby does not need to spit or rinse after they are done.

Brush your babys teeth and gums twice a day, after breakfast and before they go to bed. Keep it low stress by playing a special teeth-brushing tune and/or brushing your teeth at the same time! Shoot for about two minutes of brush-time in total, knowing your child may not be super-cooperative at this stage of the oral hygiene game. Just do the best you can!

Bottom line: Brushing your baby’s teeth takes time and patience, but your work will pay off when these strong habits start to stick and your child’s chompers are as healthy as possible.

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Disclaimer: The information on our site is NOT medical advice for any specific person or condition. It is only meant as general information. If you have any medical questions and concerns about your child or yourself, please contact your health provider. Breastmilk is the best source of nutrition for babies. It is important that, in preparation for and during breastfeeding, mothers eat a healthy, balanced diet. Combined breast- and bottle-feeding in the first weeks of life may reduce the supply of a mother's breastmilk and reversing the decision not to breastfeed is difficult. If you do decide to use infant formula, you should follow instructions carefully.