Got a relative lined up to watch your sweet baby? Amazing! (Thanks, Nana!) But for those new parents who do not have nearby family to lean on, finding childcare is a must…and it is stressful! Not only is cost an issue for so many, but there is also concern about which is the best fit for your precious baby. After all, what is ideal for one family may be completely wrong for another. To help you figure out the best childcare option for you, here are pros and cons of some of the most popular childcare choices out there. 

Childcare Option No. 1: Daycare Centres

Here, babies are looked after in childcare facilities, like daycare centres, that feature structured activities and programs, as well as a trained staff. Centre-based care may be independently owned or run by organisations like a church, or part of a government program. While cost varies widely, depending on where you live and the level of care, the average cost for one infant is around £12,600 a year. It is important to remember that all regions have regulations for licensed centres, but not all childcare centres are licensed.  

Daycare Centres Pros:

  • Socialisation: Since children are often grouped by age in daycare, there are plenty of opportunities for your child to socialise with peers.

  • Education opportunities: While this might not be applicable to babies, if you want to stick with the same care centres, know that many daycares offer educational programs to help bolster kids' learning. Some are interest-based such as arts or sciences.

  • Reliability: Unlike homecare options, at daycare there is a staff, so if one caregiver is absent, there is a backup plan, which offers stability and reliability. Plus, a daycare centre’s hours generally accommodate after-school and parental work hours, making it a convenient choice.

Daycare Centre Cons:

  • Less one-on-one time: Daycare centres tend to have a high caregiver-to-child ratio, which may limit the opportunity for your child to form bonds with their caregivers. (UK government recommends a ratio of three infants to every one caregiver; 4:1 for toddlers; 8:1 for 3 to 5 year-olds.)

  • Sniffles: Children in daycare centres tend to get more colds, ear infections, and stomach bugs during the first three years of life than children cared for in other ways.

  • Lack of individual care: The educational programs cannot cater to the needs of specific children and therefore may not be appropriate for all. 

Childcare Option No. 2: In-Home Daycare

This is also referred to as family childcare since the caregiver provides their services out of their own home (and sometimes cares for their own children at the same time). An in-home daycare is a smaller, more intimate arrangement than that of a daycare centre. An in-home daycare likely has fewer children, between one to three caregivers, and children of various ages cared for together. Depending on where you live, the average annual cost of in-home daycare is over £19,000.

In-Home Daycare Pros:

  • Fewer opportunities to get sick: A smaller group of children may mean that there are fewer opportunities for children to get sick, especially during cold and flu season.

  • Greater flexibility: Often, a smaller daycare may mean that there is a chance for more flexibility when scheduling holidays or dealing with work schedule changes. 

  • Stay with siblings: Families with multiple children can often arrange for siblings to be cared for together instead of separated into age groups.

In-Home Daycare Cons:

  • A question of licensing: Depending on the rules in your region, family child care providers may or may not be required to be licensed, which can create potentially harmful situations. 

  • No substitute care: In-home daycares do not typically have a backup plan, such as substitute care providers, should the provider become ill or have an emergency. 

  • Possibly less-experienced staff: In-home caregivers may not have additional education or certification that is required by certain larger daycare centres.

Childcare Option No. 3: Nannies and Au Pairs

Another option is a caregiver who comes to or lives with you—such as a nanny or au pair. While an au pair always resides with the family, a nanny can either live-in or come in for the day. According to numbers from, the average weekly cost for a non-live-in nanny is £650 a week, which comes to over £31,200 for the year. Meanwhile, a live-in nanny gets paid an average of £25,200+ more a year. Au pairs, who come to UK as part of a culture exchange system, costs roughly £78 a week—plus, there is the agency fees, room, board, and education credit.

Nanny/Au Pair Pros:

  • Exposure to a new culture: If you opt for an au pair, your child may be exposed to a language other than their own, a different culture, and new food choices, too.

  • Convenience: With no commute, there is far less rushing to get your child ready for care. In addition, some caregivers are paid to help with light housework, washing, and/or meal preparation.

  • More control: You will have more say over what your toddler is exposed to, where they go, what their schedule entails, and what they eat throughout the day.

  • Individual attention: Your caregiver is focused only on your child's needs, which can benefit your child’s development and attachment to their caregiver.

  • Less exposure to illness: Any care that is not daycare will limit your child’s chances of catching colds, flu, and more.

Nanny/Au Pair Cons:

  • No sick-time coverage: If your nanny or au pair falls ill, takes a day off, or a holiday, you need to either stay home or arrange for backup care.

  • Lost privacy: When you bring an employee into your home, you are giving up some of your privacy.

  • Cost prohibitive: This is the most expensive option.

  • Au pair restrictions: While an au pair lives in your home, they can only work certain hours a day.

  • You are the boss: When you are an employer, it is your responsibility to keep your nanny 'on the books,' paying taxes on your nanny’s salary. And it is up to you to hammer out a sick time and holiday policy; draw up contract; and discuss any issues that may arise with your employee’s work.

Childcare Option No. 4: Nanny Share

With a nanny share, two or more families hire one nanny and evenly split the cost. The nanny can either watch all the children together in one home or divide their time between the homes based on a pre-arranged schedule. This can be an excellent solution for families who live in areas where childcare is difficult to find, but the cost of hiring a nanny is too high. It can be a great option for families who only need childcare during specific times of day, making the cost-splitting well worth it. 

Nanny Share Pros:

  • Lower cost: Here, you get the convenience and personal care of a nanny, but at a significantly lower cost.

  • Built-in playmate: Depending on the arrangement, your child will likely have plenty of opportunities to socialise with their nanny-share cohort.

  • Similar pros to having a nanny: Again, it is a more convenient option than daycare; you have more control over your child’s day; your child gets more individual attention than some other options; and they have a reduced chance of getting sick.

Nanny Share Cons:

  • Collaboration is a must: Your nanny share is dependent on all families agreeing to the same terms and financial responsibility. Plus, you will have to work around other people's schedules. 

  • All the paperwork: Hiring a nanny, even a nanny share, means having an employee in your home, which comes with plenty of paperwork and tax issues. 

  • Differing parenting philosophies: Your childcare and discipline views may not always align with the other family’s, possibly causing friction.

For more on childcare, check out the following articles:

What Kind of Nursery School Is Right for Your Child?

How to Set Up Backup Care in Case of an Emergency

Your No-Sweat Guide to Leaving Your Baby with a Sitter

Setting Boundaries with Grandparents


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Disclaimer: The information on our site is NOT medical advice for any specific person or condition. It is only meant as general information. If you have any medical questions and concerns about your child or yourself, please contact your health provider. Breastmilk is the best source of nutrition for babies. It is important that, in preparation for and during breastfeeding, mothers eat a healthy, balanced diet. Combined breast- and bottle-feeding in the first weeks of life may reduce the supply of a mother's breastmilk and reversing the decision not to breastfeed is difficult. If you do decide to use infant formula, you should follow instructions carefully.